AIDS has been one of the most deadly diseases in the world and the humans have waged a mighty battle against AIDS for a long time now. The disease’s main weapon is the HIV infection which can be transferred from one person to another in a number of different manners. While there has been some success in reducing the number of people who get HIV infected in recent years, the UNAIDS and Lancet report warns that in case the efforts are not increased and doubled within the next five years, it would become very difficult to tame the beast known as HIV.
The report, while confessing that the rate of HIV infections has been dropping in the past few years, says that the rate isn’t dropping or reducing fast enough. As the population grows, the number of HIV infected people would grow in the world and the report suspects that if the next five years fail to appropriately reduce the rate of HIV infections then the dream of partial or total elimination of the infection would become impossible by 2030.
The report recommends an increase in international funding for third world countries as well as doubled efforts by mid income countries to control HIV infections in these regions. From increasing awareness about HIV and AIDS to providing access to testing and treatment to people remains necessary and this can only be achieved with mass funding. Without greater access to testing, not enough HIV infections would get diagnosed while without access to retroviral treatments, HIV patients would never be able to recover and would remain dangerous for everyone around them. However, if the world reacts to the findings of the report, there can be hope that the menace that is HIV will be gone for good by 2030 at the earliest.
Access to testing for HIV infection is not only important so that treatment can be started at the right time but it is also important so that the individual can also show restraint in his/her sexual activities so that the HIV infection doesn’t get transferred to any other individual. These facts about undiagnosed HIV cases put the problem into light.
|According to figures published in 2012, there were around 100,000 people living with HIV infections. However, around 20% of people with HIV infections remain undiagnosed.|
|Around 6,360 new cases of HIV were diagnosed in 2012 in the UK. However, around half of the cases were diagnosed at a very late stage.|
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Another reason why the UNAIDS report stresses on funding for access to testing is that early diagnosis of HIV can prove extremely important in HIV treatment. A new research study which has been going on for three years has concluded that there is enough proof to suggest that if people with HIV infections are diagnosed early and are given the right treatment in the form of antiretroviral treatment, the chances of the HIV becoming AIDS or any other high level complicated disease decrease considerably.
The research which was named START (Strategic Timing of Anti Retroviral Treatment) had a study group 4,685 individuals who were diagnosed with AIDS including both men and women. All the individuals had CD4+ T-cell count in the normal range which showed that the immune system was strong at the time of the trial. Around half of the patients were started on antiretroviral treatments when there CD4+ T-cell count was in the normal range while the other half of the patients were made to wait and were given antiretroviral treatments when their CD4+ T-cell count dropped from the normal range (this is normal practice).
The research found that the risk of AIDS, a serious non-AIDS disease or death was down by 53% in the group who were given antiretroviral treatment when their CD4+ T-cell count was normal. This proves that early treatment produces high success rate. Not only this, it was also found that with early retroviral treatments, the chances of transmission of the infection from those individuals decreased as well.
Online screening is becoming common as well now and this should provide easier access to people to get tested for HIV. Online clinics like the Gum Clinic are proving that online screening for HIV is improving access. These clinics have made the tests very easy with the patient sent a test kit which the patient can use to give his sample to the clinic. Results become available within four hours and the patient is advised accordingly about the next course of action after the results return positive or negative. Obtain more information on HIV and start living a healthier life.
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